M.Sc. in Informatics Engineering

Hellenic Mediterranean University

Advanced Topics in Antennas, Propagation of EMF fields, and Wireless Networks

Module Title: Advanced Topics in Antennas, Propagation of EMF fields, and Wireless Networks

Teaching hours:
Credits: 7,5
Semester: 2nd
Instructor: Dr. Stratakis Dimitrios, Associate Professor

Course Objectives
The course is mainly intended for MSc and PhD students with a background in Electromagnetics and Wireless Networks. The aim of the course is to understand basic and advanced concepts of electromagnetism and propagation of electromagnetic radiation, advanced issues of structure and antenna design, wireless links and methods for measurement of electromagnetic fields, as well as the design of modern 4th and 5th generation wireless networks that integrate broadband internet and cloud computer technologies, to implement heterogeneous / hybrid wireless networks.
Based on the most recent bibliography and mainly selected articles that will be presented, students will be deepened on specific issues of wireless antennas and measurement methods used in practice, innovative architectures for the integration of heterogeneous wireless infrastructures, as well as techniques for the co-operation of the radio spectrum from cognitive wireless networks. In these subjects, students will be more specialized in collective or individual work that they will have to submit before the end of the semester.

Indicative Outline Of The Course

  • Advanced topics in electromagnetics: Advanced topics of modern interest on Electromagnetic Engineering will be studied, such as Maxwell Equations and time varying fields, gradient and vector potentials, Poynting’s theorem, properties of electromagnetic waves (reflection, refraction, polarization, etc.), solving of electromagnetic field integral equations by the method of moments, etc.
  • Advanced antenna systems: Advanced techniques needed to analyze antenna systems are studied. Directionality and antenna gain, active antenna surface, radiation resistance, active height, mirroring, near and far antenna field, antenna temperature, antenna diagrams and design, bipolar and linear antennas, uniform and no uniform antenna arrays, surface antennas, receiving antennas, travelling wave antennas, antennas with reflector, fundamental design and composition of antenna parameters with specified properties, antenna selection issues, antenna adjustment methods, antenna measurement methods.
  • Advanced topics in propagation and measurement of electromagnetic fields and wireless links: Propagation of electromagnetic waves (free space, earth propagation, ground waves, space waves, surface waves, line of sight conditions, impact of obstacles). Troposphere diffusion, refraction, multipath propagation, aliasing, differential receiving. Ionosphere Propagation and ionosphere refraction, reflection, Friis equation, Radar equation. One way and two way links, point to point links, point to multi point links, link budget, bandwidth and capacity, radio communication design, power balance, interference, calculations and measurements of wireless links, electromagnetic field measurement methods (broadband and narrowband) on modern wireless broadband radiocommunication systems.
  • Technologies and architectures of modern wireless networks that use IEEE 802.11g/n, IEEE 802.16, IEEE 802.22, and LTE standards.
  • Hybrid wireless networks that integrate broadband, internet and cloud computing technologies to deliver QoS 5th generation services.
  • Cognitive radio technologies, dynamic bandwidth management techniques, and dynamic spectrum access architecture.


  1. “Maxwell’s Equations and the Principles of Electromagnetism”, Richard Fitzpatrick, Infinity Science Pr Llc, 2008.
  2. “Electromagnetism”, Gerald L Pollack, Daniel Stump, Daniel R Stump, Addison Wesley Longman, 2001.
  3. “Engineering Electromagnetics”, 6th Ed., William H. Hayt and John A. Buck, McGraw-Hill, 2000.
  4. “Electromagnetic Waves and Antennas”, Sophocles J. Orfanidis, http:// www.ece.rutgers.edu/~orfanidi/ewa/, 2008.
  5. “Modern Antenna Handbook”, Constantine A. Balanis, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2008.
  6. “Modern antenna design”, 2nd Εd., Milligan, Thomas A., Wiley-Interscience, 2005.
  7. “Antenna Theory and Design”, Warren L Stutzman, Stutzman, Gary A Thiele, John Wiley & Sons, 1998.
  8. “Antennas: Fundamentals, Design, Measurement”, Lamont V Blake, Maurice W Long, Lamont V Blake, Maurice W Long, 2008.
  9. “Antenna Design Optimization”, T L Pitzer, Wexford College Press, 2008.
  10. “Antenna Measurement Techniques”, Gary E Evans, Artech House Publishers, 1990.
  11. “Διάδοση ραδιοκυμάτων στα συστήματα ασύρματης επικοινωνίας”, Henry L. Bertoni, Μετάφραση: Μαρία Φραγκάκη, Εκδόσεις Κλειδάριθμος, 2008.
  12. “Radiowave Propagation and Antennas for Personal Communications (Antennas & Propagation Library)”, Kazimierz Siwiak and Yasaman Bahreini, Artech House Inc., 2007.
  13. “Radio Propagation and Adaptive Antennas for Wireless Communication Links: Terrestrial, Atmospheric and Ionospheric”, Nathan Blaunstein and Christos Christodoulou, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 2007.
  14. “The Mobile Radio Propagation Channel”, 2nd Ed., J. D. Parsons, 2000.
  15. Rumney M., LTE and the Evolution to 4G Wireless: Design and Measurement Challenges, Agilent Technologies Publication, John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2009.
  16. Angrisani L., Capriglione D., Ferrigno L. and Miele G., “Power Measurements in DVB-T Sys-tems: New Proposal for Enhancing Reliability and Repeatability”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., Vol. 57, no. 10, Oct. 2008.
  17. Joseph W., Verloock L. and Martens L., “Accurate Determination of the Electromagnetic Field Due to WiMAX Base Station Antennas”, IEEE Trans. Electromagn. Compat, Vol. 50, no. 3, Aug. 2008.
  18. Stratakis D., Miaoudakis A., Xenos T. and Zacharopoulos V., “Overall Uncertainty Estimation in Multiple Narrowband in Situ Electromagnetic Field Measurements”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., Vol. 58, no. 8, pp. 2767-2779, Aug. 2009.
  19. Theofilogiannakos G.K., Xenos T.D., Yioultsis, T.V., “A Hybrid Parabolic Equation-Integral Equation Technique for Wave Propagation Modeling of Indoor Communications”, IEEE Trans. Magn., Vol. 45, no. 3, March 2009.
  20. Agilent Application Note 1286-1, “Eight Hints for Making Better Spectrum Analysis”, Agilent Technologies, Inc., Manufacturing Part Number: 5965-7009E, USA, Sep. 2009. Available: http://www.agilent.com
  21. Agilent Application Note 1449-3, “Fundamentals of RF and Microwave Power Measurements (Part 3). Power Measurement Uncertainty per International Guides”, Agilent Technologies, Inc., Manufacturing Part Number: 5988-9215EN, USA, Jun. 2009. Available: http://www.agilent.com
  22. Angrisani L., Napolitano A. and Vadursi M., “True-Power Measurement in Digital Commu-nication Systems Affected by In-Channel Interference”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., Vol. 58, no. 12, Dec. 2009.
  23. Stratakis D., Miaoudakis A., Zacharopoulos V. and Xenos T., “On the Spatial Averaging of Multiple Narrowband Electromagnetic Field Measurements. Methods and Uncertainty Estimation”, IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., Vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 1520-1536, Jun. 2010.
  24. T. S. Rappaport, “Wireless Communications: Principles & Practice,” 2nd Ed., Prentice-Hall:Upper Saddle River, NJ, ISBN-13: 978-0130930033
  25. K. Pahlavan & P. Krishnamurthy, “Principles of Wireless Networks: A Unified Approach”, Prentice Hall Communications Engineering and Emerging Technologies Series, ISBN-10: 0130930032
  26. W. Stallings, “Wireless Communications & Networks”, Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ, USA, ISBN-13: 978-0131918351
  27. WiMAX, http://www.radio-electronics.com/info/wireless/wimax/wimax.php
  28. M. Seyedzadegan, M. Othman, “IEEE 802.16: WiMAX Overview, WiMAX Architecture”, International Journal of Computer Theory and Engineering, Vol. 5, No. 5, October 2013
  29. White Paper, “IEEE 802.16* and WiMAX”, Broadband Wireless Access for Everyone, Intel, 253623-001
  30. www.wimaxforum.org
  31. www.ieee802.org/16
  32. White Paper, “Long Term Evolution (LTE): an introduction”, ERICSSON, October 2007, 284 23-3124 Uen
  33. Introduction to LTE, An: LTE, LTE-Advanced, SAE, VoLTE and 4G Mobile Communications
  34. Christopher Cox, “Introduction to LTE, An: LTE, LTE-Advanced, SAE, VoLTE and 4G Mobile Communications”, John Wiley & Sons, 2014, ISBN: 9781118818039
  35. G. Ko, et al., “Channel Management in IEEE 802.22 WRAN Systems,” IEEE Communications Magazine, Sept 2010, pp. 88-94, http://tinyurl.com/mez42zu
  36. Carl R. Stevenson, et al, “IEEE 802.22: The First Cognitive Radio Wireless Regional Area Network Standard,” IEEE Communications Magazine, January 2009, pp 130-138.
  37. C. Cordeiro, et al., “IEEE 802.22: An Introduction to the First Wireless Standard based on Cognitive Radios,” Journal of Communications, Vol. 1, No. 1, April 2006, http://www.cs.uc.edu/~cordeicm/papers/jcm06.pdf
  38. IEEE Std 802.22-2011, Standard for Wireless Regional Area Networks—Part 22: Cognitive Wireless RAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) specifications: Policies and procedures for operation in the TV Bands, July 2011, http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.22- 2011.pdf
  39. IEEE Std 802.22.1-2010, “Part 22.1: Standard to Enhance Harmful Interference Protection for Low-Power Licensed Devices Operating in TV Broadcast Bands,” Nov. 2010, http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.22.1- 2010.pdf
  40. IEEE Std 802.22.2-2012, “Part 22.2: Installation and Deployment of IEEE 802.22 Systems,” Sep. 2012, http://standards.ieee.org/getieee802/download/802.22.2- 2012.pdf